The current recast of the EU regulation No 2037/2000 to phase out ozone-depleting substances (ODS) would therefore be a unique opportunity for the region to both remove ODS from the market and leapfrog the use of high global warming hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) which are meant to be the next replacement for ODS.
"If the European refrigeration industry has a role to play in the difficult equation of the fight against climate change, it goes without saying that a wider use of natural refrigerants is part of the solution", says Christiana Papazahariou, Secretary General of ESCLA.
Legal barriers impede widespread use of natural refrigerants
ECSLA and eurammon specifically ask the EU legislators to use the ODS regulation recast for a removal of regulatory obstacles at the EU level currently preventing some Member States from realising the full potential of natural refrigerants. As HCFCs will be prohibited in 2015, users would already now need to start planning for available alternatives. A clear vision by EU politicians favouring natural working fluids would encourage the EU business to reinforce their efforts and start investing in new installations. At the moment, a deficit of promotion, a lack of harmonization at the EU level and missing guidance for operators would impede a widespread use of hydrocarbons, ammonia and carbon dioxide.
In addition, sudden changes in the agreed timetable for a phase out HCFCs would send out the wrong signals to business operators who would likely resort to the easiest substitution solutions. These would be the family of HFCs, with very high global warming potential.
In 2000, the European Commission (EC) issued Regulation 2037/2000 as its main instrument for implementing the Montreal Protocol. The regulation, stricter than the international treaty, sets out controls for the production, trade, use, and recovery of ODS. On 1 August 2008, the EC presented a proposal which recasts and amends the current legislation. Besides simplifying the law in force it sets out a schedule for the phase out of virgin and recycled HCFCs. Most importantly, it pledges to address future challenges – a point that is stressed by ECSLA and eurammon’s advocacy of long term sustainable refrigerant replacements.